This is a doctor who treats medical eye problems and performs laser and eye surgery (like me). An ophthalmologist completes a four-year undergraduate degree with a focus on “pre-med” subjects including biology, chemistry, and physics. They then complete a four-year medical school program, working in a teaching hospital to become a medical doctor (MD). After this, we typically complete a year-long internship in a hospital rotating through inpatient wards, ICUs, and emergency rooms. We then proceed to an intense three-year residency eye program focusing on medical and surgical treatment of eye disease. Finally, some ophthalmologists take on an additional 1-2 years to sub-specialize in retina, cornea, glaucoma, etc.