History and Physical of the Eye Video

This first video of the series covers the basic eye exam with emphasis on common findings and techniques for checking the ocular “vital signs.” You may find the first half of the video a little slow as it covers basic history and common complaints. The second half of the video picks up, however, with some nice slit-lamp videos. Here are screen-captures from this video:

Screen Captures from this Video:

The video begins with a review of common eye complaints.

Flashes and floaters are symptoms of possible retinal detachment.

Visual fields are tested on each eye separately, with your hand held equadistant from you and the patient.

Pinholing can improve vision by several diopters and improvement can indicate refractive problems or media opacities.

The Tono-pen device is an easy way to check pressure in patients who can’t get up to the microscope.

Afferent pupillary defect, or a Marcus Gunn pupil can be checked with the Swinging-Light test.

This section of the video goes through the slit-lamp exam in a step-by step maner. This is a normal exam.

This video exam shows several findings, including sub-conjunctival hemmorhage.

This exam video shows a posterior capsular opacification.

Dr. Timothy Root is a practicing ophthalmologist and cataract surgeon in Daytona Beach, Florida. His books, video lectures, and training resources can be found at:


  1. That is a wonderful website, we are the new PA master program in jacksonville., your website will provide great source for my students.

  2. itz a gr8 website.dis iz d actuall way hw 2 teach medicine.books+videos+practicals.plz snd me any known websites like dis in other subjects too..

  3. Thank you VERY much. Im a fourth year medical student in Pakistan and these are really helping me with opthamology.

    There is nothing on uveitis however. Are you going to tackle that as well?

  4. The best website I have ever been to. Excellent way to teach and make things easier……many thanks for this help. Please keep up the good work and add more videos.

  5. its very helpfull and really great job i wanna contact you and please tell how can i contact you thanks alot for this great information.

    Doha Qatar

  6. Hi , I want to thank every one in this web for there help , I really get benieft from it ,, But some video doesn’t work. Like (History and Physical of the Eye Video) ,, & I need to learn from it ,, please reLoad it please !!

    Great thanks ..

  7. Thank-you very much for the video and the really helpful notes in the other sections. It makes ophthalmology just a little bit less daunting as a student.

  8. Hello Tim,

    I must confess that you are God sent! You are simply amazing and an expert in basic education.

    Pls kindly post video of how to effectively use the BINOCULAR INDIRECT OPHTHALMOSCOPE. This technique is confusing to me.

    Pls TIM help kindly as I enjoyed the tips on SLIM LAMP BIOMICROSCOPY!

    Thanks in advance sir!

  9. Thank you so much for this tutoring and
    Channel, I am a first-year resident down here in the Recife Brazil South America and I think that your site is just wonderful, thank you so much for sharing it with us
    All of these wonderful informations on
    Opthalmoogy .
    Please come visit us down here in brazil some day.

  10. hi, i am a medical student in india..and a find these videos are really really helpful..thank u so much sir..
    also i would b very grateful if u cud kindly publish a video on the EBRYOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE HUMAN EYE.
    id be very grateful if u wud kindly take my request into consideration.

  11. I am a medical student and I am very intimidated by ophthalmology. This is an excellent website! Makes everything clearer! Thanks a lot! You are amazing! 😀

  12. Thank you for these invaluable materials. They’re very helpful. I’m sure I’m going to pass my Ophthalmology clerkship with excellence.

    Mustafa from the good ol’ Middle East.

  13. Hi there. I just wanted to say thank you. I’m not attending school right now, so it’s hard to find material without paying for it. Thank you so much for sharing your knowledge with everyone!

  14. I am an RN and Clinical Research Associate monitoring clinical trial studies. Currently I am monitoring a study for Dry AMD, so this is a helpful tool for me to brush up on my anatomy and eye jargon. Thank you as this is extremely helpful.

  15. These videos have enabled me to take my class to a whole different level of information on the eye. I teach surgical procedures to Surgical Technologists and it has taken what many find to be uninteresting, to completely fascinating! You have the absolute best I have seen, and I cannot thank you enough for your wonderful presentations.

  16. These are amazing videos. Would it be possible to add options for increased watching speeds (1.4, 1.7, 2)? Thanks for all you do!

  17. As a med student we don’t really get enough time on this course, so finding materials that suits is really hard.
    Thank you for creating a wonderful site and book, you have made this field very interesting and fun !

  18. I get More More knowledge from this website through video and books …………………. Thanks , Great work of Great People .

  19. Thank you so much! This is a great book and the videos are excellent as well. By far the best resource in your specialty, at least for medical school and intern purposes!


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here